Alabama became the 22nd state admitted to the Union in 1819. Alabama is in the Southeast region of the U.S. situated between Mississippi to the west and Georgia and Florida to the east.
Large cities include Birmingham, Huntsville, Mobile, Tuscaloosa and Montgomery, the capital city.
Alabama's topology is a gentle plains over the south and northwest and mountains over the northcentral to northeast parts of the state.
The climate is hot and humid in the south with mild winters. The northern regions with the higher elevations are cooler in the summer. Annual precipitation is very high throughout the state.
Leading sectors in Alabama's economy are aerospace, steel production, lumber and paper production, banking and automobile manufacturing. Alabama is ranked as a low tax state.