Colorado became the 38th state to join the Union in 1876. Colorado is a Western state with Utah to the west and Kansas and Nebraska to the east.
Large cities include Denver, the capital, Colorado Springs and Aurora.
Colorado's topography is diverse and ranges from the high, rolling plains in the east to the spectacular peaks of the Rocky Mountains to high desert mesas in the southwest and northwest.
The climate is just as diverse as the geography with cooler temperatures and higher amounts of precipitation at higher elevations. Towns in the mountains get upwards of 25 inches of precipitation per year with the desert regions getting less than 10.
Leading sectors in Colorado's economy are agriculture, particularly cattle, energy (oil, gas and wind), federal government scientific research and national defense, gold mining and tourism. Colorado ranks as a moderate tax state.
Colorado is a favorite of retirees and six places are included in our survey of best places to retire. Get video tours of these great cities at Colorado videos.