Connecticut became the 5th state admitted to the Union in 1788. Connecticut is a New England state with Massachusetts to the north and Long Island Sound and New York to the south.
Cities with population greater than 100,000 include Bridgeport, Hartford (capital), New Haven, Stamford and Waterbury.
Connecticut's topography runs from the rolling range of Taconic Mountains in the northwest to the beaches in the south. The Connecticut climate is warm and humid in summer and cold in winter with higher than average levels of precipitation.
Leading sectors in Connecticut's economy are finance, insurance and defense manufacturing. Connecticut ranks as levying the highest taxes in the nation.