Maryland, the 7th state admitted to the Union of the United States, is in the mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. between Virginia and West Virginia to the south and Pennsylvania to the north.
Though Maryland is one of the most densely populated states in the nation, Baltimore is the only city with a population over 100,000.
Chesapeake Bay nearly bisects the state and dominates its geography. The hills of the Piedmont region and the Appalachian mountains are to the west of the bay.
The climate is hot and humid. Higher elevations to the west offer milder temperatures but the entire state gets a higher than average amount of precipitation.
Maryland has one of the highest median household incomes in the nation. Maryland's economy is largely driven by the white collar service sector with its close location to the center of government in Washington D.C. Commercial fishing from the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean is a large sector of the economy. Maryland is a high tax state with high marginal state income tax rates and even income tax at the local levels.