Rhode Island became the 13th state admitted to the Union in 1790. Rhode Island, the smallest state by area, is in the New England region of the U.S. between Connecticut to the west and Massachusetts to the east.
Rhode Island is one of the most densely populated states in the nation. Providence is the capital and largest city.
Rhode Island's topography is mostly flat with the highest point in the northwest at 800 feet above sea level. In the southeast, Narragansett Bay and its dozens of islands comprise a large part of the state. Rhode Island has warm and humid summers and cold and humid winters, thanks to proximity to the waters of the Bay and the Atlantic.
Leading sectors in Rhode Island's economy are healthcare services, tourism and manufacturing, particularly costume jewelry, ships and boats. Rhode Island ranks as a high tax state.